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Here is a list of past symposium documents:

The 2010 California Masonic Symposium, "Masonry, Military, and the Emergence of American Democracy," was held June 5 at the San Francisco Scottish Rite Masonic Center. Presenters addressed questions such as:

  • How did military lodges unite America's elites?
    Henry Wilson Coil Lecturer Dr. Steven C. Bullock, professor of United States history at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and author of "Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730- 1840" 2010 symposium paper: Masonry in the Early American Military
  • Why did Jefferson argue that Masonry was incompatible with a healthy democracy?
    Matthew Crow, graduate student in American history at the University of California, Los Angeles and codeveloper of UCLA course "Freemasonry, Civil Society, and American Democracy" 2010 symposium paper: Standing Armies and Civil Society: Jefferson's Critique of the Military and Fraternalism
  • How did England's loss in the American Revolution change the Masonic experience abroad?
    Dr. Jessica L. Harland-Jacobs, associate professor at the University of Florida and author of "How did military lodges change after the American Revolution?" 2010 symposium paper: British Freemasonry


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